Richard Griffon

Postdoc en théorie des nombres Postdoc in Number Theory

About À propos

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Since September 2018, I'm a postdoc at Universität Basel (Switzerland), in the research group of Depuis septembre 2018, je suis en postdoc à l'Universität Basel (Suisse), dans l'équipe de Pierre Le Boudec.

Between Sept. 2016 and August 2018, I was a postdoc at Universiteit Leiden (the Netherlands) in the Algebra, Geometry and Number Theory group. Entre sept. 2016 et août 2018, j'ai été postdoc à l'Universiteit Leiden (Pays-Bas), dans l'équipe Algebra, Geometry and Number Theory.

Until July 2016, I was a PhD student at Université Paris Diderot (France), under the supervision of Jusqu'en juillet 2016, j'étais en thèse à l'Université Paris Diderot (France), sous la direction de Marc Hindry.

A more detailed curriculum vitae is available on request. Un CV plus détaillé est disponible sur demande.

Last updated:Dernière mise à jour: 08 2020.

Research Recherche

Articles and preprints Articles et prépublications

Sur de nouveaux cas du théorème de Brauer-Siegel
In preparation. En cours.

We exhibit new families of number fields that unconditionally satisfy the Brauer-Siegel theorem, as generalised by Tsfasfman and Vladuts. We also give a few explicit examples of such families.

Isogenies of elliptic curves over function fields
Preprint (submitted); 23 pages. Prépublication (soumise); 23 pages.

Let $K$ be the function field of a smooth projective algebraic curve. We first describe the relation between the heights of two isogenous elliptic curves defined over $K$ (for various notions of height: modular height, differential height, stable height). In contrast to the case of elliptic curves over number fields the height is preserved under isogeny, unless the characteristic of $K$ divides the degree of the isogeny.

Secondly, we prove an "isogeny estimate" for elliptic curves over $K$ (in the vein of results of Masser-Wüstholz and Gaudron-Rémond concerning elliptic curves over a number field). In particular, if $K$ has characteristic $0$, this theorem says that, between two isogenous elliptic curves over $K$, there is an isogeny of degree $\leq c(K)$, where $c(K)$ is a constant depending at most on $K$.

Elliptic curves with large Tate-Shafarevich groups over $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$
Contemporary Mathematics, (to appear); 33 pages.

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field of odd characteristic $p$. We exhibit elliptic curves over the rational function field $K = \mathbb{F}_q(t)$ whose Tate-Shafarevich groups are large.

More precisely, we consider certain infinite sequences of explicit elliptic curves $E$, for which we prove that their Tate-Shafarevich group $Ш(E)$ is finite and satisfies $|Ш(E)| = H(E)^{1+o(1)}$ as $H(E)\to\infty$, where $H(E)$ denotes the exponential differential height of $E$. The elliptic curves in these sequences are pairwise neither isogenous nor geometrically isomorphic. We further show that the $p$-primary part of their Tate-Shafarevich group is trivial.

The proof involves explicitly computing the $L$-functions of these elliptic curves, proving the BSD conjecture for them, and obtaining estimates on the size of the central value of their $L$-function.

On the arithmetic of a family of twisted constant elliptic curves
Pacific Journal of Mathematics, 305 no. 2, 2020, pp. 597-640.

Let $\mathbb{F}_r$ be a finite field of characteristic $p>3$. For any power $q$ of $p$, consider the elliptic curve $E=E_{q,r}$ defined by $y^2=x^3 + t^q -t$ over $K=\mathbb{F}_r(t)$. We describe several arithmetic invariants of $E$ such as the rank of its Mordell-Weil group $E(K)$, the size of its Néron-Tate regulator $\mathrm{Reg}(E)$, and the order of its Tate-Shafarevich group $Ш(E)$ (which we prove is finite).

These invariants have radically different behaviours depending on the congruence class of $p$ modulo $6$. For instance $Ш(E)$ either has trivial $p$-part or is a $p$-group. On the other hand, we show that the product $|Ш(E)|\mathrm{Reg}(E)$ has size comparable to $r^{q/6}$ as $q\to\infty$, regardless of $p\,\mathrm{mod}\,6$.

Our approach relies on the BSD conjecture, an explicit expression for the $L$-function of $E$, and a geometric analysis of the Néron model of $E$.

A new family of elliptic curves with unbounded rank
Moscow Math. Journal, Vol. 20 (2), April–June 2020, pp. 343-374.

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field of odd characteristic and $K= \mathbb{F}_q(t)$. For any integer $d\geq 1$, consider the elliptic curve $E_d$ over $K$ defined by $y^2=x\cdot\big(x^2+t^{2d}\cdot x-4t^{2d}\big)$.

The curves $E_d$ satisfy the BSD conjecture, so that their rank equals the order of vanishing of their $L$-function at the central point. We provide an explicit expression for the $L$-function of $E_d$, and use it to study this order of vanishing in terms of $d$. We deduce that the rank of the Mordell-Weil group $E_d(K)$ is unbounded as $d$ varies (this answers a question of L. Berger). We also prove that the average Mordell-Weil rank is unbounded.

Bounds on special values of L-functions of elliptic curves in an Artin-Schreier family
European Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 5 (2), June 2019, pp. 476-517.

We study the Artin-Schreier family of elliptic curves over $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$ defined by $y^2=x\big(x+1\big)\big(x+(t^{q^a}-t)^2\big)$ for all $a\geq 1$. We prove an asymptotic estimate on the size of the special value of their $L$-function in terms of the degree of their conductor; loosely speaking, we show that the special values are "asymptotically as large as possible".

We also provide an explicit expression for the $L$-function of the elliptic curves in the family. The proof of the main result uses this expression and a detailed study of the distribution of some character sums related to Kloosterman sums. Via the BSD conjecture (proved by Pries and Ulmer in this case), the main result translates into an analogue of the Brauer-Siegel theorem for these elliptic curves.

Explicit L-function and a Brauer-Siegel theorem for Hessian elliptic curves
Journal de Théorie des Nombres de Bordeaux, 30 no. 3, 2018, pp. 1059-1084.

For a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ of characteristic $p\geq 5$ and $K=\mathbb{F}_q(t)$, we consider the family of elliptic curves $E_d$ over $K$ given by $y^2+xy - t^dy=x^3$ for all integers $d$ coprime to $q$. We provide an explicit expression for the $L$-functions of these curves in terms of Jacobi sums.

Moreover, we deduce from this calculation that the curves $E_d$ satisfy an analogue of the Brauer-Siegel theorem. More precisely, we estimate the asymptotic growth of the product of the order of the Tate-Shafarevich group of $E_d$ (which is known to be finite) by its Néron-Tate regulator, in terms of the exponential differential height of $E_d$, as $d\to\infty$.

Analogue of the Brauer-Siegel theorem for Legendre elliptic curves
Journal of Number Theory, Vol. 193, December 2018, pp. 189-212.

We prove an analogue of the Brauer-Siegel theorem for the Legendre elliptic curves over $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$. More precisely, if $d \ge 1$ is an integer, we denote by $E_d$ the elliptic curve with model $y^2=x(x+1)(x+t^d)$ over $K=\mathbb{F}_q(t)$. We give an asymptotic estimate of the product of the order of the Tate-Shafarevich group of $E_d$ (which is known to be finite) with its Néron-Tate regulator, in terms of the exponential differential height of $E_d$, as $d\to\infty$.

A Brauer-Siegel theorem for Fermat surfaces over finite fields
Journal of the London Math. Soc, Vol. 97 (3), June 2018, pp. 523-549.

We study Fermat surfaces over a finite field. Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field and, for all $d$ coprime to $d$, let $F_d\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ be the Fermat surface of degree $d$ over $\mathbb{F}_q$, defined by $x_0^d+x_1^d+x_2^d+x_3^d=0$. We show that $$ \log\big( |\mathrm{Br}(F_d)|\cdot \mathrm{Reg}(F_d)\big) \sim \log q^{p_g(F_d)}\qquad \text{as }d\to\infty,$$ where $p_g(F_d)$ is the geometric genus of $F_d$, $\mathrm{Br}(F_d)$ denotes the Brauer group of $F_d/\mathbb{F}_q$ (which is known to be finite) and $\mathrm{Reg}(F_d)$ is the regulator of $F_d/\mathbb{F}_q$ (i.e. the absolute value of a Gram determinant of the Néron-Severi group of $F_d$ with respect to the intersection form).

Find my papers on Retrouvez mes articles sur arXiv, ORCID, MathSciNet, zbMATH.

Topics Thèmes

My main field of research is the arithmetic of elliptic curves over global fields. I mostly study them over function fields in positive characteristic, and I usually combine various approaches to do so: analytic (by using their $L$-function), geometric (studying the geometry of their minimal model), etc.

One of the topics I have investigated is the asymptotic behaviour of the so-called Brauer-Siegel ratio of elliptic curves, which is an invariant related to the difficulty of computing their Mordell-Weil groups. This ratio can be controlled by estimating the size of the special value of the associated $L$-function. In some cases, one can prove that the Brauer-Siegel ratio has a limit. In all known cases, this limit is $1$ (i.e. the Mordell-Weil groups of the elliptic curves are indeed complicated to compute).

More broadly, I am interested in finding explicit bounds on arithmetic invariants of these elliptic curves, such as their Néron-Tate regulator, their rank, the order of their Tate-Shafarevich group, etc. More recently, I have begun studying isogenies between elliptic curves over function fields.

I have also done some work on some families of surfaces over a finite field: for the family of Fermat surfaces, I have proved very precise bounds on some of their geometric invariants (rank and ''volume'' of the Néron-Severi group, Brauer group, ...).

Keywords Mots clés : Elliptic curves over global fields, Arithmetics over function fields of positive characteristic, $L$-functions of elliptic curves (and explicit computations of those), Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture, Estimates of special values of $L$-functions at $s=1$, Isogenies between elliptic curves, Surfaces over finite fields and their $\zeta$ functions, Estimates of their special value at $s=1$, Artin-Tate conjecture, Brauer-Siegel theorem and analogues.

Thesis Thèse

I did my PhD thesis under the supervision of Marc Hindry at Université Paris Diderot. My defence took place in July 2016. Here is the introduction of my thesis (in English and in French) and here is the full text (in French). J'ai écrit ma thèse sous la direction de Marc Hindry à l'Université Paris Diderot. Ma soutenance a eu lieu en juillet 2016. Voici l'introduction du manuscrit (en français et en anglais) et le texte complet (en français).

Other works Autres travaux

Analogues du théorème de Brauer-Siegel pour quelques familles de courbes elliptiques
my PhD thesis, ma thèse de doctorat, 245 pages (in French). (en français).
Analogue of the Brauer-Siegel theorem for some families of elliptic curves over function fields
a poster I presented at the conference un poster que j'ai présenté à la conférence Silvermania 2015.
La conjecture d’uniformité de Serre dans le cas Cartan déployé (d’après Bilu, Parent, Rebolledo)
my Masters thesis under the supervision of mon mémoire de Master sous la direction de Loïc Merel, 72 pages (in French). (en français).

Teaching Enseignement

Courses taught Cours enseignés

Fall 2020
U. Basel
Assistant for Einführung in die Zahlentheorie
Advanced Bachelor course
Spring 2020
U. Basel
Assistant for Lineare Algebra II
First year Bachelor course
Fall 2019
U. Basel
Assistant for Analytic Algebraic Number Theory
First year Master course
Spring 2019
U. Basel
Assistant for Intro. to the Arithmetic of Dynamical Systems
Advanced Bachelor course
Fall 2018
U. Basel
Assistant for Einführung in die Topologie
Advanced Bachelor course
Fall 2017
U. Leiden
Lecturer for Curves over Finite Fields
Bachelor/Master course
Fall 2017
U. Leiden/Mastermath
Assistant for Algebraic Number Theory
Master course
Spring 2017
U. Leiden
Lecturer for Curves over Finite Fields
Bachelor/Master course
Fall 2016
U. Leiden/Mastermath
Assistant for Algebraic Number Theory
Master course
2ème Semestre 2015/16
U. Paris Diderot
Chargé de TD pour Algèbre et Analyse Approfondies II
Licence 2 filière CPEI (classes préparatoires intégrées)
2ème Semestre 2014/15
U. Paris Diderot
Chargé de TD pour Algèbre et Analyse Fondamentales II
Licence 2 filière MASS
2ème Semestre 2013/14
U. Paris Diderot
Chargé de TD pour Algèbre et Analyse Élementaires II
Licence 1 filière Info
1er Semestre 2012/13
U. Paris Diderot
Chargé de TD pour Algèbre et Analyse Élementaires I
Licence 1 filière MASS

Supervision Encadrement

Gürkan Doğan
ALGANT - U. Leiden, 2018
Guus de Wit
ALGANT - U. Leiden, 2018
Stijn Moerman
U. Leiden, 2018
Alex Krigsman
U. Leiden, 2017

Others Divers

Upcoming events Évènements à venir

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Contact

E-mail

richard.griffon /at/ unibas.ch

Address Adresse

Universität Basel - Departement Mathematik und Informatik
Spiegelgasse 1
CH-4051 Basel (Switzerland).

Office Bureau

3.003